What is Adapted Physical Education?

  • Adapted Physical Education (APE) is a specialized educational service designed to meet the individualized needs of students with disabilities, particularly in the areas of fine and gross motor skills development. It focuses on providing modified or adapted physical education programs tailored to the unique challenges and abilities of each student.


    The need for Adapted Physical Education is determined through a collaborative process involving the physical education teacher of record, the classroom teacher, and, in some cases, the parents or guardians. Concerns about a student's ability to succeed in a traditional physical education environment may trigger the need for an APE evaluation. Once the need is identified, the Individualized Education Plan (IEP) Team is notified, and a request for an APE evaluation is submitted to the Office of Health Services.


    The Adapted Physical Educator plays a crucial role in this process. They assess the child's gross and fine motor skills development, considering any disability-related challenges. This assessment information is presented to the IEP team, determining whether adapted physical education services are recommended for the student. If APE services are recommended, they become a part of the child's Individualized Education Plan (IEP).


    The IEP for adapted physical education typically includes the following components:


    Assessment Information: This section details the results of the evaluation conducted by the Adapted Physical Educator, providing a clear understanding of the student's motor skills development and any specific needs.


    Service Delivery: It outlines the specific services and accommodations that will be provided to the student to meet their unique needs. This may include one-on-one sessions, small group instruction, or modifications to general physical education classes.


    The Least Restrictive Environment: The IEP team will consider the most appropriate and least restrictive environment for the student to receive APE services. This might involve inclusion in general physical education classes, separate sessions, or a combination of both, depending on the student's needs.


    Measurable Annual Goals and Objectives: The IEP will include specific, measurable goals and objectives related to the student's motor skills development and physical education progress. These goals serve as a basis for tracking the student's improvement over time.


    The collaborative efforts of the physical education teacher adapted physical educator, and the IEP team are essential in ensuring that the student with special needs receives the necessary support to participate in age-appropriate physical education activities while addressing their individual challenges. This approach promotes inclusive and individualized education for students with disabilities. For more information about this program, you can contact the Office of Health Services at the provided phone number.




Contact Us

  • Health Services
    Cumberland County Schools
    800 North Street
    Fayetteville, NC 28301
    FAX: 910-483-7835

    Shirley Bolden, MSA
    Director of Health Services